These dejections, if made use of inadequate form in the nature, can cause pollution (RABBIT SON, 1999) and its power of pollution is determined by the number of contaminantes that they possess, whose individual or combined action represents a potential source of contamination of air, of the hdricos resources and the ground. They can also take to the proliferation of microoganismos and macrovectors that are associates to the transmission of innumerable illnesses to the men and animals (STEIL, 2002). Currently, beyond the productivity, yield and marketing competitiveness, any system of production must primar for the ambient protection, not only for the legal requirement, but also for providing to greater quality of life to the agricultural and urban population, and because the consumers already distinguish, in its universe, those appointed products as ' ' ecologically correct Augustus, K.V.Z, 2005). Therefore it is necessary to reduce the amount of generated residues and to offer these alternative destinations that not it environment. The first step for the reduction of these dejections was implementation of the law number 8,171, of 17 of January of 1991, referring one the Agricultural Politics, that makes use that the State is regulating of the economic activities, promoting the development balanced between production and ambient conservation having innumerable articles that, when ranks in practical, will go to compel the sectors of farming productions to search rational forms of use of the natural resources without agrediz them (Agricultural Politics, 1991). You practise them to minimize the production residues are economically advantageous for offer a possibility to save products and processes for it treats them and for benefiting the environment. Handling of dejections of the poultry keeping Many are the forms indicated of handling, treatment and use of dejections in general and the choice must take in account the species of the generating animal, the system of creation, localization of the property, as well as climate and relief of the region. .
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Uncategorized / Comments Off on A Necessary Change
The global energy model is changing gradually. Renewable energies are becoming stronger. Research and development of new wind turbines has promoted more efficient wind power as an effective alternative to fossil fuels. However solar energy is not having a spectacular development. They have driven the large wind farms but at the household level does not seem to arouse the interest of the government or society. The problem may be that solar power domestically, is outside the grid, not being profitable for the big energy companies. The same companies that so far have polluted and destroyed the environment in the name of progress, without thinking of the future in mind and only the immediate economic benefits. Despite these drawbacks I think in the new energy model the weight of domestic solar energy will be important that the opposition always interested in business as usual fails to manipulate the society.
Economic interests should never be ahead of the quality of life and well being. Decisions made now affect us all and not just the big energy companies. So it is essential that society become aware of the importance of promoting alternative energy more environmentally friendly they are also a source of wealth and job creation. In the midst of crisis governments and experts have agreed on the need to change the global economic model. But after initially overcome this crisis we forget all the good intentions. We continue with our way of life unsustainable. One way to approach the next major crisis.
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The discovery of fsseis fuels was the propeller spring of economies so developed and globalizadas. For return of 87% of the energy consumed in the world it happens of these fuels, namely: 41% of the oil, 22% of coal and 24% of the natural gas. Of remains 13%, 8% are energies renewed (biomass, aeolian, solar, geothermal), and 7% nuclear energy. Century XX must be called of century of the oil, or civilization of the oil. Among all a teia of complexity that involves the businesses of the oil, is the great insofismvel truth: oil means hegemony, and the search of hegemony exerted for men, companies and countries portraies the symbol of the human progress. Oil means concentration of being able and wealth and generates force and hegemony politics, supremacy, superiority and superiority, in the privileged hands of its few detainers.
However, oil also means threat to the global security, because he is finite and not yet a successive cash was developed, that possesss its exactly efficiency degree. Countries and companies search to distort the numbers on the black gold, based on nomenclatures as active, inactive, possible reserves, inferred, not discoveries, therefore oil is money in box, a bank in the subsoil, impossible to suffer auditagem. Projections are used with commercial ends and politicians. The energy security is one of the most important pillars of the sustainable growth and the economic independence of a nation. Since the end of World War II, the oil is the main primary power plant of the energy matrix of the planet and will still continue to be per many decades. It propitiated the one of the biggest volumes of transference of financial resources between nations in all history of the humanity, the calls petrodollars. It enriched the few exporting countries that had used of correct form these resources and became indebted and it compromised the economic growth of many importers.
Uncategorized / Comments Off on Ambient Citizenship In Moambique: Dream Or Reality
Ambient citizenship in Moambique: Dream or Reality? 1 Lcio Dionsio Pitoca Ownership City of Maputo – Moambique To each day that passes grows the number of institutions interested in the preservation and conservation of the environment in Moambique, some that work exclusively in the agricultural communities and others that actuam in the urban communities and still others that actuam in both communities. Almost all in the development of its activities of preservation and conservation of the environment finish for developing activities of Ambient Education because, believe I, that consider that the ambient problem has its bases in the unfamiliarity of the practical ones that they are in danger the environment. To part, I agree that, really, the lack of information on the part of the population makes with that they develop activities that degrade the environment. But also the lack of alternatives, poverty, on the part of to the same places them population in the condition to practise activities that degrade the environment for its survival. However, in this text I will go it withhold me, in particular, in what it is my perception on the programs of Ambient Education developed by the institutions in the generality. The Ambient Education is main practical the responsible one for the construction of the Ambient Citizenship, that is, for formation of conscientious individuals of its responsibilities of preservation and ambient conservation in the context of the global, national and local crisis ambient. Of the research that I have made – comment, reading of periodical articles and magazines, reading of programs of Ambient Education, unhappyly almost nothing of scientific articles because little is written, colloquies with coordinators of programs of Ambient Education, has disturbed me very, for the fact of in the boardings considering that the moambicana population is one tabulates flat, that is, does not know nothing on the ambient problems. It is easy to notice this, therefore, it does not exist evidence of made studies of ambient perception before implementation of any program of Ambient Education.
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When conditional in places had one does not become highly pollutant in such a way of the ground, water and of air beyond creating a very propitious environment to development of organisms in the great pathogenic majority. Beyond the domestic residues it has other types of residues such as: Ground urban, industrial, hospital, nuclear and construction and demolition. In agreement Garden and Wells (1975), the domestic residues in Brazil are composed on average of 65% of organic substance; the remain is formed by cans, glasses, papers and mainly plastic packings etc. In this direction we can observe that the demand in the production of residues is an exponential growth in function of world-wide the population growth, where the estimate published for the IBGE (2006) is of that the population is around 6,8 billion individuals and that most is in the developed countries less, where the indices of poverty and misery becomes each time higher occupying in its great majority the next urban spaces the gratings city, as example the slum quarters of Rio De Janeiro, So Paulo, Salvador, Recife etc. where the very great production of residues and beyond the difficulty in the collection of the same. In Brazil, we perceive very great a population growth mainly occupying bioma Atlantic Mata and its respective ecosystems in function of the concentration of the great producing polar regions to be next to the coast causing to a large extent occupations to destined areas the ambient preservation. Problematic the ambient one generated for the residues is of extreme complexity and difficult solution for all the cities of Brazil, which present a very precarious installment of collection without a segregation of the residues produced for the diverse pursuings of the society. Residues: Who is responsible for it? In the great cities, mainly, most that if plays outside could be used to advantage, what it does not give for somebody could be useful for another person.
Uncategorized / Comments Off on Second Ferrari
Development the Agricultural Defensives the man comes learning since daily pay-history, to practise agriculture deuma more productive way with the purpose to assure its sustenance. Noentanto it coexists the problem of the plagues that destroy the stored plants, ascolheitas and foods, in great amounts generally. Ocombate to the plagues is old. The Chinese have about 1.000 years behind, Arsenio composites jutilizavam, as sulfeto of Arsenio. With objective to protect its harvest, the man developed agroqumicostambm called pesticides, agricultural praguicidas or defensives, chemical etc. Estesprodutos, or mixes of these, is destined to the use, storage and beneficiamentode agricultural products, in the pastures, the protection of the urban, hdricos and industrial forests and outrosecossistemas, in order to preserve them of the aodanosa of beings considered livings creature harmful, also used as substnciase desfolhantes, desiccant products, fertilizing estimuladores, inhibitors of crescimentoe for the plants. Its indiscriminate application causes innumerable problems, as much for health of the applicators and the consumers, as for the Environment, contaminating the ground, the water, leading to the death plants and animals. To read more click here: Francisco D’Agostino.
Brazilian agriculture each time more has made use dessesinsumos chemical, mainly of agrotxicos, and this causes an ecological series deproblemas. Second Ferrari (1985, p.110) ' ' agriculture ties 50 years atividadesda was directed for generation of products (coffee and cotton, mainly) for autoconsumo of the resident population in the agricultural way ealguns few nuclei urbanos' '. but with the increase of the population urbanahouve the necessity to increase the agricultural production to supply the centrosurbanos, using agrotxicos to fight the plagues same without knowing quaisas consequences that could be generated by these products. In accordance with Ferrari (1985, p.111) the contamination dealimentos, pollution of rivers, ground erosion and desertificao, poisoning emorte of agriculturists and extinguishing of animal species, are some of maisgraves consequences of industrial chemical agriculture and the agrotxicos use indiscriminadode wide stimulated in last the 25 years.