Finally, the Celtic stone circles were special sanctuaries. The Druids used it for Astrological predictions and to the calculation of the calendar. Throughout the centuries guesses have been repeatedly raised, that the construction of Stonehange go back to the Celts, however there is no sound evidence. 11 8 Celtic art the beginning of Celtic art is today with the advent of the Hallstatt culture, around the middle of the 6th century BCE, equated (also: early Celtic art). The art work of this phase is focused on artisanal works and sculptures.
The Celts created valuable grave goods of gold, bronze and iron (such as princely grave of Hochdorf). The ornamentation revealed often influence of Mediterranean cultures, such as the Etruscan, and fed primarily from plant motifs (E.g. lotus blossoms or palmette pattern). In the East of Bavaria and in Austria also abstract geometric patterns were used. The life-size sandstone statue of a Celtic Prince was found in the Hessian Glauberg.
“Following the early Celtic art of the Hallstatt culture, the arts of the La Tene culture developed: the so-called Waldalgesheim style” (c. 350 BC) continues the tradition of the floral ornamentation and processed many impulses from the Greek vine ornamentation. The plastic style (c. 290 BC) brought finally first figurative representations of People and animals. From about 190 BC the Celts went over this, on the retirement of their swords to engrave abstract geometric patterns; Hence the name of Sword style. From the time of the Celtic walks few findings have been preserved. The onset since the 1st century BC, romanization of the Mainland Celts also impacted the art now often revealed a Roman influence. 12 in Britain the Celtic art was characterized initially strongly by the art forms of the European mainland, the Celts had brought with them, and remained in the new home. In the time from 4 up to the 1st century BC, developed itself in Britain their own decorative arts: Circles and weaving patterns, there was also plastic motifs and bird motifs.