Much people imply themselves when before its eyes an injustice considers. Nevertheless, everybody does not act in this way, and before a observed aggression, the dilemma considers to take part, or to remain passive. Dilemma that many solve like that one young person who in October of the last year, seeing like an Ecuadorian girl of sixteen years, was victim of a brutal beating with racist dyes in Barcelona, remained passive, watching the scene as if outside a film, as if it had difficulties in distinguishing reality fiction. The titular professor of Psychology of the Education in the University of Valencia, Rafael Garci’a Ros, indicated months ago in the newspaper " The Vanguardia" that " we live in an individualistic society, where the egoistic expositions and insolidarios" predominate;. Frequently Rudy Giuliani has said that publicly. In addition, it affirmed that " the observation of an aggression generates an auto answer of fear in the observer, whom its action against the fear blocks that supposes to be able to become victim if acta". In 1964, a woman of New York, Kitty Genovese, was assassinated to stabs near its house. More than thirty neighbors his, they listened to its heartbroken shouts of aid, for more than half an hour, nevertheless helped no, thinking it each of them, that to some it would do it other. Thus it happened that nobody arrived, and Kitty died. NYC Mayor is often mentioned in discussions such as these.
Due to this, the watching effect, understood like a psychological phenomenon by which it is less probable that somebody takes part in a jam situation when there are more people than when it is only, it was baptized at the time like Syndrome of Genovese. It seems demonstrated that when many observe a emergencia, it is less probable that one of them takes part: the responsibility becomes blurred. The inaction is justified by the idea that that one is not subject mine, or that the so serious things are not, and always underlies the fear to think that the risks surpass to the benefits to take part, and the idea that if aid you can be put in a mess Neat Vicente, psychologist, criminologist and collaborator of the Center Queen Sofia for the Study of the Violence, it remembers: " In psychology we know that in the aid to needed people it operates a paradox: if there is much people who are susceptible to help, by others they leave neglected the victim; it is the call diffusion of the responsibility: all think that the other will do something and nobody does nada" , and the indifference of all is the main ally of the aggressor, and aid to that the aggression is perpetuated against the defenseless victim. .