There are certain benchmarks that have become arising Intercultural Social Mediation. Already in 1997 provided a starting definition: – Conception comprehensive mediation: one begins to see beyond conflict mediation as a method for improving human relations and communication. – The study of the various existing models of mediation and their combined application to the contexts of multiculturalism. – The concept of intercultural mediation as one of the general rules of mediation. – The idea that the specificity of the underlying intercultural mediation: – The difference between the parties.
– The actual relevance of this differentiation in the problem to be addressed. – The importance of the cultural background of the mediator. – The objective of intercultural: – An anthropological concept of culture emphasizing their diverse and changing nature. – The thesis that is average and significant social situations of multiculturalism. – The thesis that the background, identity and intercultural mediator’s cultural membership need not necessarily correspond to one of the cultures in relation but can mediate between different backgrounds. – Intercultural perspective, as a complement to multiculturalism and overcome its limits, emphasizing the positive interaction between the parties and the ordinary. – The expansion in intercultural mediation of a multifactorial approach and methodology, which distinguishes and interrelates the personal, situational and cultural.
Objectives: Intercultural Social Mediation is a form of intervention of third parties and social situations of multiculturalism significantly between social actors or institutions distinct ethnocultural with the aim of: 1. Get the recognition of others and bringing the parties. 2. Communication and mutual understanding. 3. The regulation of conflicts. 4. The institutional adaptation. The main objective is to promote intercultural harmony, working on building a society where cultural diversity does not imply a insurmountable conflict, but new forms of social relationship constructed from the reformulation of conflict management and wealth and multicultural contexts involved. It involves working for social cohesion and integration of all individuals and groups on an equal footing: – To prevent and resolve conflicts. – Promote communication, closeness, mutual understanding, dialogue and encounter, overcoming prejudice and the momentum of change in attitudes. – To promote changes in society, institutional adaptation and growth of the person as the basis for integration. Mediation should not be limited to mediation in specific sessions, but to achieve a broader objective of intercultural coexistence.
Thus we can speak of two levels of mediation: – One in a broad sense that the mediating action focuses on the knowledge of reality, identifying problems and the adequacy of resources. – Another in the strict sense, which would correspond to mediation interpersonal understanding this one in which there are some parts clearly identified through specific individuals (whether individuals or representatives of institutions or entities). With this double level of mediation works from three perspectives: – Mediation in the broad sense opens the way for mediation interpersonal, speaking when necessary or desirable. – Mediation in the two levels contributes to the prevention and early resolution of conflicts in contexts of cultural diversity. – Both mediation and interpersonal broadly is also an instrument to promote coexistence. Mediation in a broad sense part of the same principles as interpersonal mediation sessions, ie, the methodology used in the interventions that make extensive use of this mediation principles and instruments of mediation as the reformulation, contextualization, the recontextualization, point of view of others, working in a context where there are clearly identifiable parts, etc.