The used methodology will be the bibliographical research, for the survey of the necessary material. It will be searched in scientific books, articles, magazines and sites of Internet, so that it is possible to arrive at the corresponding conclusions. 1 PREGNANCY During centuries and same during millenia, everything what he was relative to the reproduction human being, including the pregnancy, remained envolto in representations, extremely obscure beliefs, myths and traditions. Ahead of the mysteries that surrounded the generation of the human being, the society created myths and beliefs in order to give account of these facts that they occurred in the real life, but for which science not yet had advanced the sufficient for supplying a rational explanation to them. Curiously, although the clarifications offered for the medicine, biology and psychology, still today survive a series of myths, beliefs and superstitions concerning the pregnancy. Seedbed & Martins (2006) had undertaken a research in order to describe main myths on the maternity, being also presented the fears of decurrent them.
They had verified that, over all in definitive social nuclei, the women need to respect definitive interdictions and social lapsings sidewalk in a series of beliefs, popular myths and traditions. The authors consider that such myths and representations do not have to be disrespected by the professional who deals with the assistance the gestantes, therefore these beliefs happen directly in the way with the woman subjectively try the pregnancy and the maternity in general. For these researchers, the health professional that works with gestantes and with women during the after-childbirth it must consider these aspects in order to understand the expectations, the fears you distress, them and same the guilt that the women feel in this period of training of its lives, mainly if these have some type of behavior or illness that can harm its baby.