The discovery of fsseis fuels was the propeller spring of economies so developed and globalizadas. For return of 87% of the energy consumed in the world it happens of these fuels, namely: 41% of the oil, 22% of coal and 24% of the natural gas. Of remains 13%, 8% are energies renewed (biomass, aeolian, solar, geothermal), and 7% nuclear energy. Century XX must be called of century of the oil, or civilization of the oil. Among all a teia of complexity that involves the businesses of the oil, is the great insofismvel truth: oil means hegemony, and the search of hegemony exerted for men, companies and countries portraies the symbol of the human progress. Oil means concentration of being able and wealth and generates force and hegemony politics, supremacy, superiority and superiority, in the privileged hands of its few detainers.
However, oil also means threat to the global security, because he is finite and not yet a successive cash was developed, that possesss its exactly efficiency degree. Countries and companies search to distort the numbers on the black gold, based on nomenclatures as active, inactive, possible reserves, inferred, not discoveries, therefore oil is money in box, a bank in the subsoil, impossible to suffer auditagem. Projections are used with commercial ends and politicians. The energy security is one of the most important pillars of the sustainable growth and the economic independence of a nation. Since the end of World War II, the oil is the main primary power plant of the energy matrix of the planet and will still continue to be per many decades. It propitiated the one of the biggest volumes of transference of financial resources between nations in all history of the humanity, the calls petrodollars. It enriched the few exporting countries that had used of correct form these resources and became indebted and it compromised the economic growth of many importers.