An economic indicator or economic index is a series of events that are catalogued within one single, as its name says, indicate an economic situation that is present at any point in time, either present or past. The importance of the economic index today lies in the utility in such important areas as investment, loans and whether the economic movements, since thanks to this statistic is decided to carry out some processes such as those previously mentioned. Due to the importance that possess economic indices at present, it is very important to mention some of the aspects that make up this indicator; Why highlight some of them such as: production: this is a very important aspect to keep in mind when we want to make a balance of the economy whether national or local, since factors such as GDP (gross domestic product) and GNP (gross national product) are determinants for the realization of calculating economic. Level of investment: investment It plays a key role in making and throwing any of a country, region or local company or foreign economic balance, since much of economic development depends on this process. Prices: this factor is very important in any real, since analysis this determines the balance of the market, which is basic to perform an economic indicator. Public finance: this aspect, which is a micro-indicator is very useful for the achievement of a balance, because it shows us based on the economic situation of a country or region, thus successfully register very exact data of levels of investment, spending and income.
External sector: take into account the external sector is basic to perform an economic indicator, since this shows the status of local products and the competitive level of these abroad. Currency: the value of the currency is a very strong point in economic indexes, since net revenues which are carried out by the change of the same influence in large part to the not only local but national economy. Markets: the influence of markets such as securities and currencies, are quite strong points in this economic analysis, since there is largely where the main actual monetary calculations are made that go hand in hand with economic indices. Monetary statistics: the emission of the statistics of each of the private and public entities (banks), are very important aspects to determine the economic indices, because through these the actual monetary situation of institutions, regions or countries is actually known. Although other important aspects of the economy are involved in the process of realization of an economic index, the above sayings are just some of the most influential. Can be said that the economic indices can be made in different measures, not only national, but also local, showing that the economy is very useful to know the value and actual state of things in any stage of history.